Four types of microorganisms are found guilty of causing infection in or on the body of your pets. These tiny microbials are bacterium, viruses, fungi, and protozoa. Usually a veterinarian determines what types of pet antibiotic medicines are to be prescribed after diagnosing and determining what type of microorganism is causing the trouble.
The pet antibiotic you are using to treat your little furry friend depends on what organism you are fighting and how the medication works on the body of your pet.
Bacteria invade the body of your pet in numerous ways: through open wounds, something your pet eats or simply from the surroundings. These organisms are found in different shapes and sizes and it is their physical characteristics that help your vet determining which bacteria is infecting your pet. These tiny, one celled organisms are responsible for pneumonia, gastroenteritis, skin infections, urinary tract infections, and a host of a number of other diseases. If they remain unchecked in your pet’s body without the intervention of antibiotics, they may get multiplied.
How antibacterials work
Bacterial antibiotics destroy the offending cells while leaving the healthy cells of your pet intact. Depending on the medication, an antibiotic might inhibit a bacterium to construct cell walls and hence destroys its ability to reproduce. An antibiotic also starves the bacterium by limiting its ability to transform glucose into energy, which is a major function of all living cells.
Common antibiotics prescribed for pets:
- Enrofloxacin (Baytril) – It is often prescribed to heal respiratory, skin, and urinary tract infections.
- Amoxicillin/Clavulanic acid (Clavamox) – These antibiotics are needed to heal wounds, respiratory infections and skin infections
- Metronidazole (Flagyl) – It is prescribed for gastrointestinal upsets, periodontal disease
- Clindamycin (Antirobe) – These antibiotics are given to fight against bacterial, soft tissue, bone, and dental infections.
A range of these antibiotics require a doctor’s recommendation to buy from a local pet store or even online. If it’s very urgent and you are worried if you can buy pet antibiotics over the counter, you should have a look at Pet Supplies 4 Less.